are 982 Thailand birds species, officially recorded,
of which one was introduced by people, three are
endemic and 45 are accidental or rare. 49 species
are threatened at global level and 7 of them are
extirpated in Thailand.
resident species and 23 migratory were declared
vulnerable or endangered in 1991, because of the
illegal logging, forest clearance, habitat
degradation and hunting.
birds affected are water birds leaving in a wetland
habitat diminished by agriculture, as well as birds
living in forests which were deforested and degraded.
From all the
Thailand birds the Cattle Egret was naturally colonised and
the Java Sparrow was introduced by humans.
Thailand birds are few because the habitats of this country
are close to the one of the neighbouring countries. The
White-eyed River Martin is maybe the most interesting having
one Thailand wintering site. Among
the Thailand birds are the grebes, some diving birds
with small and medium sizes.
birds eat from the fresh water and migrate in winter
visiting the sea.
They are excellent divers and
swimmers, have lobed toes but also feet situated far
back on the body, a thing that make them not very
gracious on land.
are 19 grebe species in the world of which 3 are in
Thailand: the little grebe, the black-necked grebe
and the great crested grebe. Another Thailand birds
are petrels and shearwaters, the principal group of
‘true petrels’, birds of medium size.
birds have united nostrils, long outer and medium
septum. 75 species are all over the world with 3
present in Thailand: the short-tailed shearwater,
the wedge-tailed shearwater and the streaked
storm-petrels are other Thailand birds, of small size and
spending their lives on sea; they also come ashore to eat,
preferring the small fish they take from the water’s surface
and the planktonic crustaceans. They take the small fish
while pattering and hovering across the sea, their flight
being bat-like and fluttering.
species are recorded all over the world and only one
is in Thailand: the swinhoe’s storm-petrel.
Among the Thailand birds are also
the herons, egrets and bitterns. The egrets and the
herons are medium and even large birds; they have
long legs and necks.
The bitterns have shorter neck
and fly using the neck retracted, not like the
ibises, spoonbills and storks which have a longer
neck. 61 species are worldwide and 20 of them can be
met in Thailand: the black bittern, the great-billed
heron and the cattle egret. The swifts are on the
Thailand birds list also. They spend the most of the
life flying and can’t settle on ground, excepting
the vertical surfaces, because of their very short
The wings of most of the swifts are long
swept-back, resembling a boomerang or a crescent. 98 species
are all over the world; in Thailand you can meet 14 of them,
of which we mention:
swift, the little swift, the glossy swiftlet, the
edible-nest swiftlet and the silver-backed needletail.