Bhumibol Adulyadej is the actual Thailand king, born
on December 5, 1927 and also known as
Rama IX. His reign
began on June 9, 1946, being the monarch with the
longest reign in the history of Thailand.
monarch is so important for Thais that his illness
affected the financial markets. Bhumibol was born in
Cambridge, the United States, is the youngest sun of
the Prince Mahidol Adulyadej and came to Thailand in
1928, after the prince Mahidol obtained a
certificate in the public health program at the
For a short time he went to the
Mater Dei school in Bangkok,
but in 1933 his
mother took the family in Switzerland, where he continued
the studies at Lausanne.
older brother, Phra Ong Chao Ananda Mahidol, became
Thailand’s king in 1935. The family came in Thailand
in 1938 for the Ananda Mahidol’s
returned to Switzerland then. Bhumibol came to
throne after hid brother’s death, at June 9, 1946.
Ananda Mahidol died after a head wound from a gun
while he was in his bedroom from the Bangkok Palace,
in circumstances that remain mysterious even today.
On October 4, 1948, while Bhumibol was driving a car
on the Geneva-Lausanne road, he came in collision
with a truck.
In accident, the king lost his right
eye. On april 28, 1950, with one week before his
crowning, he married with Sirikit Kitiyakara, the
daughter of the Thai ambassador in Paris.
One of the king Bhumibol’s nephews, Bhumi Jensen was killed in
the tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake in
2004. He was the sun of the princess Ubol Ratana.
The respect gained by the Thailand king and the direct
connection with the population gave the king the power to
action as decisive mediator in times of urbane violence,
like the students’ revolt from 1973 or the terrible politic
confrontations from 1992, when he was forced to have a
public appearance without precedent at television but which
had as effect the agreement between the two adversary parts.
life, the king, with his wife and the other members
of the family were present week by week in villages,
cities, farms, schools, in the peasants’ homes,
impelling to orient the agricultural work in modern
directions, by applying the ecologic and scientific
methods of cereals’ cultivation. It is an initiative
that needed a colossal patience, time, vision, faith
and abnegation. The king travelled from village to
village, in the North tribes, encouraging the people
to stop cultivating the opium and replace it with
cereals seeds, vegetables or fruits. Also, he
created and supported programs of improving the
king doesn’t have the rigidity of the Japanese king, is
interested in guns, paintings, writes jazz and designs
boats. To criticise the king is punished by law, in
Thailand, so don’t make jokes about his boats while you are
there. Don’t make jokes about his photo cameras with which
he appears in the street posters, too.