Thailand politics, the Constitution provides low
direct powers for the king but it’s the protector of
the Thai Buddhism and a symbol of the national
identity and unity.
The actual monarch, Bhumibol
Adulyadej, has a great respect from people and moral
authority, which is occasionally used in resolving
the Thailand politics’ crisis.
The head of govern is
the prime minister which is named by the king from
the members of the Parliament’s lower house,
generally the leader of the party that can organize
a majority governmental coalition.
bicameral parliament is the National Assembly which
is formed by the House of the
Representatives with 500 places and the Senate with 200
The members of both Houses are chosen in
popular vote. The members of the House of the
Representatives are chosen for 4 years while the senators
for 6 years. The judiciary supreme organ is
the Supreme Court whose meetings are established by law.
Thailand is active members of the Association of the
South-East Asia nations.
The politic analysts estimate that in the following
years the crisis of the Thailand politics will
increase, appearing a risk of a coup d’etat.
Thailand will continue to confront with political
disturbances for years and with an eventual new coup
d’etat. The crisis has been lasting for three years
and has known new evolutions yearly. According to
the press, the anti-governmental protestants, called
the red shirts, are the sustainers of the ex-premier
Thaksin Shinawatra, removed from power in 2006, by
the royalist generals, after some accusations of
nepotism and corruption. In the opinion of the
professor Somchai Phagaphasvivat from the Thammasat
University, anyone can take over the power.
The analysts talk
about a frustration of the red shirts whose leader-the
organiser of the protests- was arrested by the police while
no leader of the royal demonstrators, anti-Tsaksin (the
yellow shirts), didn’t get under the bars for the 8 days
blockade of two airports in Bangkok.
Michael Nelson, another
analyst and teacher at the
Chulalongkorm University, thinks that the Thailand
politics is not a public business but a family and
factions problem. What the private counsellor of the
King Bhumibol Adulyadej and the servicemen do in the
backstage is not destined for the public knowledge,
says the same analyst. Despite the controversies
that surrounds him, the ex-premier of Thailand –
Thaskin Shinawatra- a 59 year old businessman
remains popular around the population’s
underprivileged sections especially in the rural
areas from the Thailand’s North. Thitinan
Pongsudhirak, analyst at the Chulalongkorn
University in Bangkok says that today, Thailand can
expect to a total repression that will galvanize the
The expert also says that after that anything
can happen and the possibility of a national revolt is not
excluded. In 2008, the Thailand’s Constitutional Court
decided that the premier Samak Sundaravej had to resign in
one month because his activity got in contradiction with the
State’s constitution. The premier was accused of performing
services for an employer and took money for his work.